Monroe's motivated sequence

Examining Monroe’s Motivated Sequence

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Posted by: Lucid Content Team

Does the thought of getting in front of a crowd terrify you? Do you have trouble speaking in public or trying to motivate people to take action? Do you want to improve your persuasion skills?

In the mid-1930s, Alan H. Monroe, a psychologist and professor at Purdue University, developed a five-step outline for delivering speeches that persuade and motivate people to take action. This article examines Monroe’s motivated sequence outline and will give you ideas on how you can be a more dynamic and persuasive speaker.

Whether you are a CEO of a large enterprise, a salesperson preparing a pitch, or a member of the PTA making a presentation on how to raise more money, Monroe's motivated sequence outline can help you call your audience to action to get the desired results.

Monroe's motivated sequence outline
Monroe's Motivated Sequence Outline (Click on image to modify online)

What are Monroe's motivated sequence steps?

Persuasion is pervasive in daily life—suggesting a new restaurant, getting a child to clean their room, asking permission to attend a party, and so on. Knowing your audience can give you the upper hand in getting the outcome that you want.

The word “persuasion” might bring to mind a pushy salesperson trying to sell you a new car or the politician making promises that likely won’t be kept. But persuasion should be a positive force used to improve people’s lives, such as encouraging and supporting a loved one who is struggling with an addiction or trying to stay on a diet.

Using the psychology of persuasion, Monroe developed an outline for making persuasive and motivational speeches that includes these five steps:

  1. Attention: Use a relatable story, cite shocking statistics, or call somebody by name. Use something that will get your audience interested in listening to what you have to say.
  2. Need: Convince your audience that there is a problem that needs to be fixed.
  3. Satisfaction: Present your solution that will take care of the need.
  4. Visualization: Explain what will happen if your solution is implemented or what will happen if your solution is not implemented.
  5. Action: Call your audience to action. Give clear and specific assignments that will help you achieve your visualized goals.

Monroe’s motivated sequence may be over 80 years old, but it is still a proven and widely used method for organizing powerful and persuasive presentations and speeches. The steps may seem simple and straightforward, but you may still need to overcome resistance to new ideas, preconceived bias against your solution, disbelief at facts presented to establish a need, or any number of unpredictable human traits that may arise before, during, and after your presentation.

The following sections explore Monroe’s motivated sequence steps in more detail with examples to help you adapt them to meet your needs.

Step 1: Grab attention

There are many ways to grab attention. You should start with a bang or a shock—something unexpected that will make your audience sit up and take notice. Consider using these strategies (complete with example lines):


Be careful when using humor. You don’t want to do or say something that can be considered offensive or that may be put in a meme on social media.

“My job is to talk to you, and your job is to listen. If you finish first, please let me know.”
—Harry Hershfield

“I don’t want to be patronizing . . . that means ‘talking down’.”
—Wendy Morgan

Shocking facts

Stating facts can give you that “wow” factor that makes your audience say, “I didn’t know that.”

“Before I finish my presentation, four people who are alive right now will die in traffic accidents.” Source

“During my speech, approximately six Americans will die in job-related accidents.” Source


Make your audience want to learn more and ask themselves, “Where are they going with this?”

"We stand today at a place of battle, one that 40 years ago saw and felt the worst of war."
—President Ronald Reagan


Start with a short video or intriguing images related to the topic. People generally like to watch and look at interesting, colorful visuals.

Step 2: Define the need

To persuade people to make a change or to incorporate new procedures in a business setting, you have to convince them that there is a current need for these changes. Help your audience understand that what is happening right now is not working and explain the consequences if things are not changed.

You will not suggest any solutions in this step. Use this step to help people understand that there is a problem and that problem needs to be addressed. You can:

  • Use statistics where possible to support what you are saying. For example, if your current development cycles are taking too long and your competitors are much faster at addressing customer needs, you can cite sales statistics to help your developers understand the problem.
  • Explain what the consequences will be if changes are not made. Help your developers understand that if you continue to lose market share, the company may go out of business.
  • Explain how the consequences will affect each of them. If the company goes out of business, they all lose their jobs.

Step 3: Satisfy the need

This step of Monroe’s motivated sequence outline is the main purpose of your presentation. You want people to feel motivated to do something to fix the scary or shocking information you previously presented, and you want them to know that you have a solution.

Introduce a solution that addresses the need and will solve your problem. When presenting your solution, you should:

  • Discuss the facts. Maybe your child’s public school needs more money for books and other supplies. As the PTA president, you are presenting a fundraising idea that has worked well at other schools. Support your statements with facts, including the costs of organizing the event and the amount you can expect to get.
  • Provide specific details so your audience understands the solution. Tell the audience how much money other schools have brought in using this same fundraising activity. Explain how many volunteers will be needed to organize and run the activity.
  • Tell the audience what you expect. The fundraiser will only work if the audience buys into the solution and is willing to jump in and help out with the activity.
  • Prepare for resistance and possible objections. Use testimonials from people who have successfully participated in a similar activity. Share examples that support your solution. Restate the facts and statistics to illustrate that your solution will work and will be beneficial to the school and the children.

Use Lucidchart to create a simple flowchart or decision tree that can show the steps and the potential results for your plan going forward. You can also create a mind map centered around your solution to illustrate benefits and costs, plus what is needed to be successful.

decision tree example
Decision Tree Example (Click on image to modify online)

Step 4: Visualize the consequences

Use this step to paint a picture of what the future will look like if the audience rejects or accepts the solution. The more vivid and detailed your description, the more willing they will be to adopt your solution and make a commitment to change.

  • Visualize a bleak future. This is a negative method that you can use to describe how bad things will be if your ideas are rejected. For example, if your development team rejects the idea of using agile methodology going forward, the future will include poorly developed products.
  • Visualize a bright future. This is a positive method that details how great the outlook is if the audience accepts your ideas. If the team adopts the agile methodology, development will be streamlined, products will be developed more quickly and efficiently, product releases will occur more often and will better address customer needs, and you will produce better products. Better products ensure customer retention and result in more money, which allows your company to grow.

Step 5: Call to action

Nothing will change and progress will remain stagnant unless you make specific assignments to implement the solution. You want them to leave the presentation with excitement and renewed commitment to improve processes.

Try not to overwhelm with too much change at once. Assign the most essential parts of the solution plan that need to be completed first. Biting off smaller chunks will give your team a sense of accomplishment and help them to be more willing to take additional assignments to achieve your goals.

There are several Lucidchart templates available to help you plan, track, visualize, and adapt Monroe’s motivated sequence steps to your needs. Get started by signing up for a free Lucidchart account today.

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