the case for action

Webisodes with Alec Sharp: The case for action

Reading time: about 6 min


  • Process improvement

Pretend for a moment you’re a 17-year-old who’s inherited your mom’s Chevy Astro van. The radio’s broken, the power steering is going out, and it gets a whopping 15 miles per gallon. Your solution is to get a job so you can upgrade to a newer car, but that means convincing your stakeholders (parents) that you can work and maintain your grades.

In Alec Sharp’s fourth webisode with Lucidchart, The Case for Action, he describes how to build support for change. You already do this in your daily life, gathering support from various people so you can move forward with a change and then making sure that change is followed through. The same thing applies to your organization: you need to make sure stakeholders are on board so that your change process can be properly implemented. 

Common issues with change implementation 

Sharp’s process uses a stakeholder-based assessment to build support for change within the organization. Using this method, stakeholders see the need for change, commit to it, and embrace it. Sharp developed this method after years of experiences with organizations that were struggling to implement change initiatives. 

Based on his experience, Sharp has seen three common issues in change implementation:

  1. A failure to identify true end-to-end processes
  2. A rapid descent into unhelpful detail
  3. Premature formulation of a problem statement

To avoid becoming mired in one or all of these areas, take the following steps:

  1. What?

Start by identifying the actual process or process area that needs to be changed (in our car scenario, it would be the Chevy Astro van). Use a process scope model that includes the trigger, results, activities, and cases that are of most concern.

  1. Who and how?

Next, identify who’s involved. Take account for internal and external actors. Use a process summary chart to gather a cross-functional perspective that examines organizations, roles, and responsibilities. The chart will also tell you what systems, mechanisms, and methods are involved.

  1. Why?

Now you have an end-to-end understanding of the actual issue at hand, and you can begin to understand why the process needs to change. This is when you begin building a case for action.

Hammer’s original case for action

You’ll need to present a case for action similarly to the way a lawyer would gather evidence when presenting a case in court. Think of the case for action as a more nuanced type of problem statement, which is a process improvement project that outlines the goals of a project and the scope of a project. A typical problem statement usually includes an ideal situation, the reality of the current situation, the consequences if nothing changes, and a proposal to the problem.

Alec’s revised case for action is based on Dr. Michael Hammer’s original Case for Action, described in his book Reengineering the Corporation. As the leading expert of the concept of reengineering, Dr. Michael Hammer was named by Business Week one of the four best management leaders of the 1990s, and he was also named by the Times as one of the most influential individuals in America. His book remains one of the influential texts on reengineering on the market.

Dr. Michael Hammer viewed shaking the corporation away from the status quo as something that would take a metaphorical kind of pry bar—you’ll need to force people away from their comfortable ways of doing things. This “pry bar” of evidence needs to be pragmatic and factual—you’ll want to steer clear of emotions when presenting your case. Dr. Hammer’s Case for Action consists of five components, but Sharp simplified and reordered these five components to focus primarily on the costs of inaction (as in, what happens if things continue the way they are) and the business context (what’s really happening?).

Sharp’s 3-step case for action

Sharp’s version contains three major steps: a stakeholder assessment that shows all stakeholders have real issues with the current process and it needs attention; the issues have surfaced because of changes beyond our control in the wider environment; and if we don’t fix this process, there are going to be serious consequences for individuals and for the business. 

  1. Stakeholder assessment

Taking a closer, empathetic view of all stakeholders makes it real. Examine:

  • Customers
  • Performers
  • Owners/managers (or the business itself)
  • Others as needed (such as regulators, partners, and community members)

Each of these people will have very different perspectives because the issue is affecting them all in different ways. Some typical questions you may ask when gathering information from these stakeholders would be:


  • Are there too many interactions/is it too high-touch?
  • Are rules, requirements, and protocols reasonable?
  • Can your work be located within the process?
  • Are you the human glue that connects the process steps (the process integrator)?


  • What are your major sources of frustration?
  • Do you have the necessary tools and support you need?
  • Are there steps in the process that serve no purpose?
  • Are problems caused upstream, and does the workload vary wildly?
  • What would you change if you could?
  • Is there a documented process?

Owner or manager

  • Does the process use resources you’d rather use elsewhere?
  • Is it a net contributor or a source of problems?
  • Does the process constrain innovation, growth, or opportunities?
  • Is it a source of customer or media criticism?

There’s a tendency for people to feel attacked here, especially the performers who are doing the work. Which is why the next step is so important.

  1. Context

The process probably didn’t start out bad. And it’s important to highlight that it’s the process that’s broken, not that the performers are not great workers. There have simply been changes in the environment or the market that have caused issues to surface. Placing the issues in this context is a blame-free, neutral approach to building your case for action. 

However, you don’t want people to stop listening to you at this point because they now understand it’s not their fault. It’s no one’s fault, but things still need to change. You may wish to address:

  • Regulatory change
  • Workforce changes
  • Emergent technology
  • Changing customer expectations
  • New competition
  • Changes in business volume
  • Socio-political change
  • Environmental concerns
  • Change in business model
  • Change in business ownership
  • Change in government
  • Economic conditions

Consider using a PESTEL framework for this.

  1. Consequences of inaction

Now, introduce the issue with the status quo. If you don’t fix this process, there will be consequences. Once you’ve presented a future calamitous scenario, you’ve developed a sense of urgency, and more people are likely to get on board with changing processes.

On an individual level, look at:

  • Unsatisfying work environment
  • Diminished career opportunities
  • Job loss or reduced employment

On an organizational level, look at:

  • Reduced performance
  • Reduced stature or brand equity
  • Withdrawal from the market

Once you’ve presented this material to your stakeholders, it’s highly probable that they’ll feel committed to the change process. You’ve taken steps to empathize with their struggles, present a solution, and convince them of the solution’s urgency. Getting stakeholders on board with the change process before it begins is the best way to avoid the three most common issues with implementing change throughout the organization.

the case for action

Watch Sharp’s entire webisode series on our YouTube page.

Watch now

About Lucidchart

Lucidchart, a cloud-based intelligent diagramming application, is a core component of Lucid Software's Visual Collaboration Suite. This intuitive, cloud-based solution empowers teams to collaborate in real-time to build flowcharts, mockups, UML diagrams, customer journey maps, and more. Lucidchart propels teams forward to build the future faster. Lucid is proud to serve top businesses around the world, including customers such as Google, GE, and NBC Universal, and 99% of the Fortune 500. Lucid partners with industry leaders, including Google, Atlassian, and Microsoft. Since its founding, Lucid has received numerous awards for its products, business, and workplace culture. For more information, visit

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