Businesses are always striving for high performance, from creating more efficient processes to selling more of their products and services. But how does a company determine whether it is successful?
Through the benchmarking process, any business can compare itself against a standard and develop a consistent way of measuring performance. See how.
What is benchmarking?
In business, benchmarking is a process used to measure the quality and performance of your company’s products, services, and processes. These measurements don’t have much value on their own—that data needs to be compared against some sort of standard. A benchmark.
For example, suppose it takes 30 minutes to produce your product. Is the 30-minute measurement good or bad? The only way for you to know is to compare against other data, such as the time it takes another organization to produce a similar product. If another organization can produce the same type of product in less than 30 minutes, you can use their time as a benchmark for measuring your own processes and procedures.
The objective of benchmarking is to use the data gathered in your benchmarking process to identify areas where improvements can be made by:
- Determining how and where other companies are achieving higher performance levels than your company has been able to achieve.
- Comparing the competition’s processes and strategies against your own.
- Using the information you gather from your analyses and comparisons to implement changes that will improve your company’s performance, products, and services.
Common areas that you may want to target for benchmarking analysis include cost per unit, time to produce each unit, quality of each unit, and customer satisfaction. The performance metrics you get from these targets can be compared against others to help you determine best practices for improving your operations.
Why is benchmarking important?
The goal of your business should be to grow, improve processes, increase quality, decrease costs, and earn more money. Benchmarking is one of many tools you can use as part of any continuous improvement model used within your organization.
Consistent benchmarking can help you:
- Improve processes and procedures.
- Gauge the effectiveness of past performance.
- Give you a better idea of how the competition operates, which will help you to identify best practices to increase performance.
- Increase efficiency and lower costs, making your business more profitable.
- Improve quality and customer satisfaction.
Types of benchmarking
There are many different types of benchmarking that fall into three primary categories: internal, competitive, and strategic.
If other teams or organizations within your company have established best practices in processes similar to yours, internal benchmarking involves analyzing what they are doing so you can find areas where you can improve and be more efficient.
For example, you could compare the performance of one warehousing and shipping site against another warehousing and shipping site. The site with superior performance simply needs to share their processes and procedures so that the entire company benefits from increased performance.
This type of benchmarking is a comparison of products, services, processes, and methods of your direct competitors. This type gives you insight into your position within your industry and what you may need to do to increase productivity.
For example, you can compare the customer satisfaction of a competitor’s product to yours. If your competitor is getting better customer reviews, you need to analyze what the difference is and figure out how to improve the quality of your product.
Use this type of benchmarking when you need to look beyond your own industry to identify world-class performance and best practices so you can look for ways to adapt their methods to your procedures and processes.
For example, seeing a need to improve performance, Southwest Airlines turned to NASCAR to analyze how pit crews are able to service race cars so quickly. They realized that it all depends on each pit crew member’s ability to perform clearly defined tasks within specific time intervals—12 to 16 seconds if all four tires need to be changed and the car needs to be fueled. As a result, Southwest Airlines changed and streamlined processes for gate maintenance, plane cleaning, and passenger boarding.
8 steps in the benchmarking process
1. Select a subject to benchmark
Executives and other senior management should be involved in deciding which processes are critical to the company’s success. The processes should then be prioritized based on which metrics are most important to all stakeholders. After prioritizing, select and define the measures you want to collect.
2. Decide which organizations or companies you want to benchmark
Determine if you are going to benchmark processes within your own company, a competitor, or a company outside of your industry.
It may be hard to collect all the data you want if you benchmark a direct competitor. So you should select several different organizations to study in order to get the data you need. Gather information from several sources to get the most detailed information about the organization you select to study.
3. Document your current processes
Map out your current processes so you can identify areas that need improvement and more easily compare against the chosen organization.
The road to improvement starts with a better understanding of where you're at now.
4. Collect and analyze data
This step is important—but it can prove difficult when you are trying to gather data from a competitor because a lot of that information may be confidential. Gather information through research, interviews, casual conversations with contacts from the other companies, and with formal interviews or questionnaires.
You can also collect secondary information from websites, reports, marketing materials, and news articles. However, secondary information may not be as reliable.
After you have collected enough data, get all stakeholders together to analyze the data.
5. Measure your performance against the data you’ve collected
Look at the data you’ve collected side by side with the metrics you gathered from your analysis of your own processes. You may want to layer your performance metrics on top of your process diagrams or map out your competitor’s processes to more easily see where you’re falling behind.
As you analyze the comparisons, try to identify what causes the gaps in your process. For example, do you have enough people and are they sufficiently trained to perform assigned tasks? Brainstorm ideas to effectively and efficiently fill those gaps.
6. Create a plan
Create a plan to implement changes that you have identified as being the best to close performance gaps. Implementation requires total buy-in from the top down. Your plan must include clearly defined goals and should be written with the company’s culture in mind to help minimize any pushback you may get from employees.
7. Implement the changes
Closely monitor the changes and employee performance. If new processes are not running smoothly as expected, identify areas that need to be tweaked. Make sure all employees understand their jobs, are well trained, and have the expertise to complete their assigned tasks.
Document all processes and make sure all employees have access to documentation and instructions so that all are on the same page working toward the same goal.
Consider these 7 fundamental change management models as you implement new processes.
8. Repeat the process
After successfully implementing a new process, it’s time to find other ways to improve. Review the new processes you’ve implemented and see if there are any changes that need to be made. If everything is running smoothly, look to other areas or more ambitious projects that you may want to benchmark and start the process again.
When you correctly implement and follow the continuous practice of benchmarking, your company will grow, and you will keep up with (or even surpass) your competitors. Get started now by understanding your as-is processes.